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General Information

Types of satellites by orbit Geostationary Earth Orbit (GEO): High altitudes of about 35786 km over the equator to secure communications, the Internet and satellite radio and television

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Historical review

•The establishment of the Department of Space Communications in the Public Company for Telecommunications (Public Establishment for Telegraph, Post and Telephone) was in 1975.
• In 1975, Iraq acceded the International Telecommunications Satellite Organization (INTELSAT)

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Introduction

To achieve the political, economic, cultural and scientific independence of Iraq and to avoid depending on the developed countries that dominate outer space along with their ownership of various space services, the urgent need arose for the establishment of the Iraqi Space Agency (ISA).

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Iraq and the World regarding Outer Space

The number of satellites launched globally until 2019 is 1886 including 402 GEO satellites, 126 MEO satellites and 1232 LEO satellites, while Russia alone has about 500 satellites.

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The Importance of the Iraqi Space Program

The possession of Iraq of a clear strategy regarding the outer space program is of great importance that shows its independence, which has an importance on how benefits can be obtained from space applications regarding sustainable development. The Iraqi satellite project (one of the space applications) will confirm Iraq's existence and independence.

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Ministry of Communications and Iraqi Space Program

In 2013, a joint recommendation has been issued to establish the Iraqi Space Agency. During both the 1985 and the 1988 ITU conferences, Iraq was awarded two orbital sites for the development of Iraqi satellites on 50E and 65.45E

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